Photoshop tutorials for professionals and beginners

The 4 basic rules of photography

Amateur Photography: 4 Beginner Tips to Help Your Start Snapping

As a photography novice, it might be difficult for you to understand what makes a quality image. Perhaps you thought that shooting and producing beautiful photos will come naturally, but ultimately, the secret to mesmerizing shots is actually in knowledge.

Just like in any profession, there are basic rules to conquer if you want to earn the title of a photography expert. So, let’s cover the crucial elements that will help you to boost your skills and take you from an amateur to a talented photographer.

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Photography Terms for Beginners

Although you’ve probably heard of terms such as aperture (the size of lens opening for capturing more light), but do you know what they really mean? Plus, there are many more terms you might not be familiar with, including:

  • Depth of Field – This term refers to image focus or the distance between the front of the image and the sharpness of the back. How focused (large depth) or unfocused (shallow) the background is will determine the depth of field.
  • Exposure – How light or dark the image is will determine the exposure. It’s a subjective feeling that you can control through IOS, shutter speed, or aperture.
  • Shutter Speed – Let the light in by opening the shutter. If you noted symbols such as 1/200, the 1 represents seconds in which the shutter opens to take light. The more open it stays, the blurrier the photos will be, moving subjects in particular.
  • IOS – IOS determines camera sensitivity to the light. For example, IOS 100 means the gear is better for shooting in daylight and with natural light. But if you have a camera with IOS that is way over 100, feel free to shoot at night or in low light, because it means the gear is sensitive enough.
  • White Balance – It determines how white or yellow, sometimes even blue, the image will appear at the end. By taking the time to adjust it, you can make the real white color from the background appear in the images.
  • Raw – A highly recommended type of image file that opens with a special software and allows you to make the most of your editing process.
  • Aspect Ratio – A height to width ratio you can adjust in your camera settings or crop in the process of editing.

The Rule of Thirds

The rule of composition is to divide the image into three parts both vertically and horizontally in order to place the subject on crossing points or those imaginary lines instead of the center. You need to adopt and practice this principle until it becomes a habit.

Photography for beginnersSince this rule is closely related to your perspective, don’t be afraid to experiment shooting in different angles. It’s usually recommended to shoot a subject from eye or hip level, but you can also try snapping from the side, straight-up, or straight-on if you find this angle easier to work with in the beginning.

Light Manipulation

Light is what turns an ordinary image into a magical photography piece. Hence, be sure to have a well-lit subject when shooting and pay attention to these three critical elements that can affect the outcome:

  • Aperture
  • ISO
  • Shutter Speed

Break Limits with Editing

The goal of post-processing is to enhance the image appeal without making radical changes. Of course, you can always outsource this process to photography experts like many busy photographers do. This will give you a chance to learn from the best until you find your way around the editing software.

Ultimately, the more you practice, the more will you learn about your camera and potential gear upgrades. So, focus more on the shooting processes and practice until you get good at it.

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